News & Press
UK GNSS jamming trials start
Mon, 19 Aug 2019 15:10:34 GMT

Ground-based GPS jammers will be operating from the Stanford Training Area (STANTA), near Thetford, Norfolk.



The jamming, centred close to 5233N 00043E, could take place at any time from 0700UTC on 19 August to 1600UTC on 6 September. It would not exceed 2 minutes duration and may take place up to 5 times per hour.

A notice to airmen (NOTAM) warns that jamming could affect all GNSS frequencies up to 40,000ft within a 30NM radius.

The NOTAM warns that ?GPS receivers may suffer intermittent/total failure or give incorrect position info. Crews should be aware of these limitations and use alternative means of navigation.? This could, of course, apply to local vehicles.

NOTAMs may be viewed through NATS
UK seeking Galileo replacement partners
Sun, 18 Aug 2019 21:22:28 GMT

UK is reported to be seeking an alliance with its ?Five Eyes? security partners to launch a satellite positioning system after being frozen out of Galileo.



The ?Five Eyes? security pact is an intelligence alliance - comprising Australia, Canada, New Zealand, UK and USA - which formed in the aftermath of WWII.

The alliance could see the allies contributing technological and financial support to the estimated ?5 billion project in exchange for access to the system?s encrypted...
Capt James H Martin FRIN
Sun, 18 Aug 2019 14:08:37 GMT

We are sad to report the passing of Capt James Martin FRIN at the age of 86.


James, from Trinidad and Tobago, spent many years at sea in dry-cargo ships, bulk carriers and tankers before commanding passenger and cargo vessels for a further 10 years.

After then serving in Maritime Administration in Jamaica, he joined the International Maritime Organisation (IMO), London, as Head of the Africa/Caribbean Section of the Technical Co-operation Division and was soon promoted to Senior Deputy Director of that Division, with responsibility for providing technical...
Warning of GPS Spoofing Threat for Merchant Shipping
Fri, 16 Aug 2019 11:32:13 GMT

On 7 August the US Department of Transportation?s Maritime Administration issued a warning suggesting Iran is engaged in interfering with ships? GPS systems as they transit near the Middle Eastern nation.

The warning said that there were reports of ?spoofed bridge-to-bridge communications from unknown entities falsely claiming to be US or coalition warships? from merchant ships.

In an e-mail statement the US Central Command (CENTCOM) explained ?Due to the heightened regional tensions, the potential for miscalculation or misidentification could lead to...

Alan Cherry FRIN
Tue, 13 Aug 2019 18:28:12 GMT

It is with great sadness that we report the passing, at the age of 87, of Alan Cherry, an incredibly active member of the Institute for many years.


Alan joined the RAF in 1951 and trained as a pilot, later to become a qualified flying instructor. Most of his flying was associated with maritime patrol duties on Shackleton and Nimrod aircraft, with which he also undertook research and development work. He was involved in the acceptance-into-service of the Nimrod,...

what3words adopted by first air ambulances
Sun, 11 Aug 2019 11:02:32 GMT

Institute Duke of Edinburgh Prize-winners ?what3words? is being used by Thames Valley Air Ambulance to find patients faster in medical emergencies.



Problems often occur in hard-to-reach or rural areas, but now a 999 caller can give a 3-word address for their precise location to within 3 metres, and this can be used by the air ambulance to find them.

Air ambulances join 30 other emergency services to use the location system. To find out more about the system and download the free app, go to what3words.com
Obituary for a navigator
Tue, 30 Jul 2019 16:19:51 GMT

Sqn Ldr Bob Culpin, a WWII bomber pathfinder navigator and later an advanced navigation instructor, has died at the age of 97.



He survived a remarkable 75 bombing missions during the war, some of which saw airframes and equipment shredded and fellow aircrew killed.

After the war, he returned to civilian tax office duties, but after a few months he accepted an extended service commission in the RAF and, for the rest of his career, was primarily engaged in training and...

Today?s GPS launch postponed
Thu, 25 Jul 2019 21:47:44 GMT

The launch of the second GPS III satellite from Cape Canaveral, scheduled for 25 July, has been put back to 22 August at the earliest.

The United Launch Alliance (ULA) has confirmed that the delay is due to an anomaly in a component in the upper stage of the Delta 4 launch vehicle. The first Lockheed Martin GPS III satellite was successfully launched on 23 December 2018.

GPS III satellites have an extended lifespan of 15 years. The manufacturers claim 3-times better...

Investigating the Effects of Bridge Alarms ? Survey Results
Wed, 24 Jul 2019 13:18:09 GMT
A 2017/2018 survey has shown that frequently sounding alarms and poorly designed alarm panels in Ship Wheelhouses is causing "Alarm Fatigue" amongst Navigators and impeding proper navigation of vessels.

The survey results have been outlined by the Ship Owners? Club online here: https://www.shipownersclub.com/investigating-the-effects-of-bridge-alarms/

The Ship Owners' Club is sharing this information to help facilitate further discussion of the topic in the...
Galileo Initial Services restored
Thu, 18 Jul 2019 11:46:35 GMT

The European GNSS Service Centre reports that Galileo Initial Services have been restored, although some fluctuations may be experienced until further notice.



It adds that the technical incident originated from an equipment malfunction in the Galileo control centres that calculate time and orbit predictions, and which are used to compute the navigation message. The malfunction affected different elements in both control centres.
 
A team of experts has worked...
Enforcement advisory issued on non-compliant AIS devices
Wed, 17 Jul 2019 16:48:38 GMT

Automatic Identification System (AIS) is a navigation-communication tool designed to mitigate collisions and enhance situational awareness by exchanging real-time vessel navigation information autonomously and continuously.

However, according to U.S. Coast Guard officials, AIS equipment that is non-compliant with adopted international standards can confuse, degrade or even disrupt other users? systems.

?In the last year, the Coast Guard has received various reports from perplexed AIS users who have seen various unknown and erratic targets appearing on their...

Peter Francis Charles Griffiths
Wed, 17 Jul 2019 10:56:51 GMT

We are sorry to report that Peter Griffiths (member 1973, fellow 1982) has died at the age of 92. He had been suffering for a while with dementia.



Peter qualified in maths and physics and joined the Royal Naval Scientific Service where he was concerned with the development of naval radar and radio systems. In particular he was involved in radio satellite, sonar and inertial navigation systems.


In 1974 the International...

Galileo initial services suspended
Mon, 15 Jul 2019 09:08:53 GMT

Since 11 July, Galileo has been affected by a technical incident within its ground infrastructure.



This has led to a temporary interruption of Galileo initial navigation and timing services, with the exception of the Search and Rescue (SAR) service, which is unaffected and remains operational. Galileo has provided ?initial services? since December 2016.

A team is reported to be working to restore navigation services 'as soon as possible'. An Anomaly Review Board has been...
New Australian Marine Safety Authority Vision for Marine Navigation to the Year 2030
Mon, 8 Jul 2019 15:03:57 GMT

The Australian Marine Safety Authority (AMSA) has released its vision for Marine Navigation to the year 2030, with Worldwide relevance, incorporating improvements in electronic data, Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) and Positioning Navigation and Timing (PNT).

AMSA in Australia have produced a fascinating document about their intended plans for navigation in the future, which has relevance for navigators worldwide. The work outlines the emerging trends and drivers in navigation technology and communications, as well as describing the anticipated impacts these will have on the maritime industry. 

For more, please visit the AMSA website: https://www.amsa.gov.au/safety-navigation/navigating-coastal-waters/navigation-services-australian-waters-outlook-2030

R Adm Mike Burgoyne CB RN
Thu, 4 Jul 2019 10:50:26 GMT

It is with great sadness that we record the passing of Mike Burgoyne, Institute Director from 1983 to 1992.


Rear Admiral (Robert) Michael Burgoyne CB was educated at Bradfield College and then Magdalene College, Cambridge. He joined the Royal Navy in 1944 and, after training as a navigator and later as an aircraft controller, went on to enjoy an illustrious career.

His career included: Commanding Officer HMS Cleopatra 1967-68; Captain 2nd Frigate Squadron...

The Maritime and Coastguard Agency Consultation on Yacht and PowerBoat Safety
Tue, 2 Jul 2019 12:20:29 GMT

The Maritime and Coastguard Agency Consultation on Yacht and PowerBoat Safety launched last month. Six draft Marine Guidance Notes entitled Yacht and Powerboat Safety at Sea have been issued for user consultation, which closes at midday on 18 July.

The main purpose of the proposed six new Marine Guidance Notes to be issued by the Maritime and Coastguard Agency (the MCA) is to reinforce to owners, managing agents and skippers what is good practice in terms of safety at sea, so as to reduce the risk of any accidents occurring as a result of not following the...

IMO moves forward on e-navigation standards and autonomous ships
Mon, 1 Jul 2019 10:49:55 GMT

The International Maritime Organisation (IMO)?s latest Maritime Safety Committee (MSC) meeting took place from 5-14 June. The meeting concluded with the approval of new interim guidelines for autonomous ship trials, and guidelines on standardisation of the user interfaces and data exchanged by e-navigation systems.



The 101st session of the MSC considered a range of issues relating to the safe and efficient navigation of vessels at sea. Items discussed included the issue...

Car autopilot successfully spoofed
Sat, 29 Jun 2019 20:45:23 GMT

A Tesla model 3 on autopilot has been successfully spoofed in several GNSS attack scenarios.



The ?navigate on autopilot? (NOA) feature is highly dependent on GNSS reliability - and spoofing resulted in multiple high-risk scenarios for the driver.

The spoofing during navigating on autopilot is reported to have led to extreme deceleration and acceleration, rapid lane-changing prompting, unnecessary signalling, multiple attempts to exit the road at...

More news on AIS-VDES and GNSS Anti-Spoofing
Thu, 27 Jun 2019 13:09:31 GMT

Article by Maritime Executive

AIS data at work in a VTS center (file image courtesy Saab)

AIS has made it far easier for navigators to identify vessel movements for collision avoidance, and it has made shipping far more transparent by enabling worldwide vessel tracking services. The industry has grown since AIS rolled out in the early 2000s, and a...

BeiDou satellite launch
Tue, 25 Jun 2019 10:29:20 GMT

China launched a BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (BDS) satellite at 1809 UTC on 24 June.



The 21st BeiDou-3 satellite was reported to have successfully been placed as the second in inclined geosynchronous orbit (IGSO) at a height of 22,237 miles (35,787 km) inclined at ~28.5 deg to the equatorial plane.

The ultimate system will comprise 27 satellites in medium Earth orbit (MEO), 5 geostationary (GEO) and 3 in IGSO.  Currently providing regional cover at ~10m accuracy, global Full Operational Capability (FOC), with improved accuracy, is scheduled for 2020.

Details and image from China.org.cn
OS-funded PhD at Nottingham in the Geospatial Systems CDT
Fri, 21 Jun 2019 14:54:49 GMT

PhD on 3D Data Fusion of Complex Environments in the EPSRC Centre for Doctoral Training in Geospatial Systems funded by Ordnance Survey
Deadline: Monday 8th July

The EPSRC Centre for Doctoral Training (CDT) in Geospatial Systems invites high-quality applications for 1 award of a 4-year PhD studentship in the area of 3D data fusion of complex environments. This will start September 2019, be sponsored by the Ordnance Survey and run for 4 years...

The summer solstice
Wed, 19 Jun 2019 18:07:56 GMT

The Sun reaches its highest northerly latitude on 21 June.



The Sun will be at its highest latitude of ~23.4?N at 1554 UTC (1654 BST) on 21 June - the summer solstice. This is the start of astronomical summer although, in meteorological terms, summer is defined as the months of June, July and August.

The Sun will cross the celestial equator to re-enter the southern hemisphere at 0750 UTC on 23 September - the autumnal equinox and end of astronomical...
Orolia and Saab collaborate on Navigational Cyber Security
Wed, 12 Jun 2019 15:54:41 GMT

Orolia and Saab are collaborating on a suite of technologies that detect and mitigate cyber-attacks on navigation systems onshore or on vessels. Together, they will showcase Saab?s AIS and GNSS navigation systems, alongside Orolia?s SecureSync Maritime Navigation Protection System (M-SecureSync), at this year?s Nor-Shipping in Oslo.

As the 2021 deadline for the International Maritime Organisation?s ?Maritime Cyber Risk Management...

Confusion over GPS problems
Wed, 12 Jun 2019 10:20:06 GMT

This week has seen confusion in the US over reported failure of GPS with, on 10 June, the FAA publishing ?Outage Summary? maps of the country.



The problem imerged when Automatic Dependent Surveillance - Broadcast (ADS-B), used to track and identify aircraft, failed in many areas. ADS transponders use GNSS as the reference for aircraft position and height.

But, with other modes of transport unaffected, it soon became apparent that the problem did not stem from GPS itself, but...
Prof Terry Moore Appointed to U.S. PNT Advisory Board
Mon, 10 Jun 2019 14:10:32 GMT

The Royal Institute of Navigation is delighted to acknowledge the official appointment of our President, Prof Terry Moore, to the U.S. National Space-Based Positioning, Navigation, and Timing (PNT) Advisory Board.



The PNT Advisory Board provides independent advice to the U.S. government on GPS-related policy, planning, program management, and funding profiles in relation to the current state of national and international satellite navigation services.

Prof Moore is one of only five international (non-U.S.) members of the board. The new board met for the first time last Thursday, in Alexandria VA, close to Washington DC.

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